Circulating Tumor DNA (ctDNA) in Kidney Cancer: A Narrative Review

  • Wesley Yip
  • A. Ari Hakimi
Keywords: Renal cell carcinoma, biomarkers, ctDNA


Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) has been investigated as a potential noninvasive biomarker for disease
prognostication, monitoring, and treatment selection in various tumor types, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
In this narrative review, we explore the current methods of ctDNA analysis and the use of ctDNA in both localized
and metastatic RCC, focusing on plasma and urine samples. Additionally, we discuss several ongoing as well as
upcoming clinical trials that incorporate ctDNA analyses into their study designs and outcomes. Despite the exciting
potential of ctDNA in RCC, current assays still face significant limitations in sensitivity and detection limits.

How to Cite
Yip, W., & Hakimi, A. A. (2023). Circulating Tumor DNA (ctDNA) in Kidney Cancer: A Narrative Review. Société Internationale d’Urologie Journal, 4(4), 287-292.