The Relationship of Circumcision With Clinical Tumor Staging of Penile Cancer
In this report, we look at the relationship between prior circumcision and presenting stage of penile cancer. We
performed an analysis of an international, multicenter database of 1254 penile cancer patients diagnosed from 1980
to 2019 in the United States, Europe, Brazil, and China, and analyzed the relationship between circumcision and
presenting T and N stage. A total of 710 patients met the inclusion criteria and were statistically analyzed. We found
that uncircumcised men with locally advanced tumors (T3–T4) had significantly higher risk of lymph node metastasis
compared with circumcised men.
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