Management of Men With Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Due to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia During and After COVID-19
The lower urinary tract (LUT), in particular the prostate, has been theoretically recognized as a target for SARSCoV-2. Moreover, common pathophysiological mechanisms have been described for BPE/LUTS and COVID-19, including RAS dysregulation, androgen receptors, and MetS-related factors. These factors raise concerns about the possibility of worse urological outcomes due to BPE/LUTS progression in COVID-19 patients. The available results suggest a correlation between SARS-CoV-2 infection, exacerbation or new onset of LUTS, and semen impairment. BPE patients’ care and management have been deeply affected by COVID-19. In the midst of the pandemic, the main urological guidelines suggested postponement of BPH-related deferrable medical examinations and surgery. Telemedicine, therefore, gained attention and interest. Clinical evidence of impaired QoL or complications expedited surgical intervention. An informed consent covering the risk of COVID-19 and a negative molecular PCR within 72 hours of surgery were mandatory. A reduction in procedures under general anaesthesia was recommended. Long waiting lists accrued worldwide during the pandemic, leading to regular review of the BPE waiting lists and patients’ clinical status, encouraging the increase of minimally invasive office-based procedures, even in the post-COVID-19 era, and the improvement of telemedicine. Prospective studies are still needed to assess the course of LUTS/BPE patients after COVID-19.
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