Evaluation of the Guidelines for Penile Cancer Treatment: Overview and Assessment
Introduction: Medical organizations have provided evidence-based guidelines for penile cancer treatment. This
current review aims to compare and appraise guidelines on penile cancer treatment to provide a useful summary for clinicians.
Materials and Methods: We searched in PubMed and Medline for guidelines published between January 1,
2010, and February 1, 2020. The search query terms were “penile cancer,” “penile tumor,” “guidelines,” and “penile malignancy.” In the final analysis, we include the most recent versions of relevant guidelines published in English. The Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II (AGREE II) instrument was used to appraise the quality of each guideline.
Results: In the final analysis, we included guidelines from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (updated in 2020), The European Association of Urology (updated in 2018), and The European Society for Medical Oncology (published in 2013). The overall agreement among reviewers was excellent. The range of scores for each domain was as follows: scope and purpose (46% to 61%); stakeholder involvement (33% to 60%); rigor of development (34% to 69%); clarity and presentation (61% to 81%); applicability (33% to 59%) and editorial independence (52% to 78%). The European Association of Urology and National Comprehensive Cancer Network clinical practice guidelines received better scores according to the AGREE II evaluation.
Conclusion: Despite the effort made by the guidelines groups to make a practical guideline regarding penile cancer treatment, the actual available evidence is weak. However, we believe our recommendations offer clear guidance.
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